Conditions and Treatments

Refractive Eye Conditions and Treatments

Refractive errors occur when light does not focus properly on the retina because of the shape of the eye. The resulting image is blurred. Common refractive errors are myopia (nearsightedness), hyperopia (farsightedness), astigmatism (distorted vision), and presbyopia (aging eyes).

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Cataracts

Cataract treatment is one of our specialties at our clinic. At DiStefano Eye Center, we can provide you with the treatments and procedures that you need to take care of your cataracts and help you to see clearly again.

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Dry Eyes

Dry eye syndrome is a lack of sufficient lubrication affecting the cornea and conjunctiva (mucous membrane that lines the visible part of the eye and the inner surface of the eyelid). Symptoms include persistent dryness, itching and burning in your eyes, the feeling of a foreign body sensation in the eye and sometimes watery eyes due to over stimulation of the tear producing glands.

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Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a disease of the optic nerve which transmits the images you see from the eye to the brain. The optic nerve is made up of many nerve fibers (like an electric cable with its numerous wires). Glaucoma damages nerve fibers, which can cause blind spots and vision loss.

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Blepharatis

Blepharitis is a condition where the eyelids are chronically inflamed. This can cause itching, irritation, and crusting of the eyelashes. Sometimes, blepharitis can contribute to red eye infection. The condition can develop at any time in a person’s life and may happen just once or multiple times. Chronic blepharitis is sometimes called “granulated eyelids.”

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Floaters/Flashes

Many people notice floaters and flashes associated with their vision. Floaters are often comprised of material left over from when the eye was formed. They can also be caused by deterioration of vitreous fluid or by injuries.

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Macular Degeneration

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is one of the most common causes of poor vision after age 60. AMD is a deterioration or breakdown of the macula. The macula is a small area at the center of the retina in the back of the eye that allows us to see fine details clearly and perform activities such as reading and driving.

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Diabetic Retinopathy

Proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) is a complication of diabetes caused by changes in the blood vessels of the eye. If you have diabetes, your body does not use and store sugar properly. High blood sugar levels create changes in the veins, arteries and capillaries that carry blood throughout the body. This includes the tine blood vessels in the retina, the light-sensitive nerve layer that lines the back of the eye.

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Corneal Transplants

Corneal transplants are recommended for reasons varying from diseases to eye injuries. The cornea is the transparent front part of the eye that covers the iris, pupil and anterior chamber. An unhealthy cornea affects your vision by scattering or distorting light and causing glare and blurred vision. A transplant is performed to protect the eye’s inner structures, relieve pain and improve vision. A graft replaces central corneal tissue with healthy tissue donated from an eye bank.

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Blepharoplasty

Blepharoplasty is a procedure designed to enhance the most notable feature of your face – the eyes. This popular procedure can reduce the extra skin and puffiness of the upper eyelids. This surgery will produce a natural, rested, and more youthful appearance and can also improve visibility and vision.

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Near Vision Loss (Presbyopia)

Loss of near vision, or presbyopia, happens when your natural lens loses elasticity, making it difficult to change your focus to see objects up close. It affects most people in their 40s and early 50s.

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