Macular Degeneration: Treatment
Currently, there is no cure for macular degeneration. But there are treatments and ways to reduce the risk of vision loss caused by the condition. A new retina treatment technology uses intravitreal injections of medications that target the disease. This has helped save vision for many people who had no other treatment options.
There are other approaches that also have helped numerous patients. Vitamins and mineral treatments using vitamins A, E, and C, along with zinc may slow down the disease, as does quitting smoking.
High energy light bulbs, light tinted sunglasses and other devices increase light and contrast, and help patients see better. Surgery is becoming an option for some, and research into retinal tissue transplants is continuing. Many people can improve their vision by increasing the light and contrast. This can be accomplished by high energy light bulbs and amber or yellow tinted sunglasses.
Patients at risk for macular degeneration can help themselves through early detection. Monitoring with an Amsler grid (a box with lines that detect changes through distortion) can help patients respond promptly should the disease begin to progress. Macular degeneration typically does not cause blindness. Central vision may be severely impaired, but side vision remains intact. Specialized lenses and other techniques can help patients with advanced macular degeneration.
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